Mining on a video card in 2020 can be done by everyone, because this is one of the easiest and most effective ways to get used to cryptocurrency. However, you should immediately take into account that earnings will directly depend on the capabilities of your equipment, so if you want to have a significant income, you will need a card with high characteristics.

GPU mining requires the most powerful graphics cards, usually the latest Nvidia and AMD models. They, of course, are not cheap, but they will become a kind of down payment, which will later pay off, and the profitability of old lines can fall so quickly that you will not even have time to pay for the equipment.

For 2021, the best alternative to buying your own equipment is cloud mining, in which you do not buy equipment, but a contract for renting a certain capacity (hashrate) for cryptocurrency mining. This option is much more profitable and easier to implement because it only requires the purchase of a contract in your personal account and the withdrawal of the extracted cryptocurrency to your personal wallet, exchange or exchanger.

But if you love computer hardware and definitely want to build your own GPU farm, carefully read the recommendations and models of video cards given below in this publication.

Key features when choosing a video card

To purchase components for building a rig, you need to know the hashrate of video cards, the table of the best for gpu mining should be studied by you first. The performance of GPUs is affected by the following parameters.

  • The amount of video memory. Here you should choose according to the principle “the more – the better”. Solid performance is provided by devices with a storage capacity of two gigabytes. mining ether on a video card with such a volume gives the best indicators of self-sufficiency.
  • The memory speed. If you are thinking about which video card is better for mining cryptocurrencies. then it is desirable to have a card with ddr 5 standard memory – in terms of the balance of power consumption and computing power, they currently have no analogues on the market.
  • Bus bit depth. It is worth choosing solutions only with a 256-bit bus – 128-bit ones are several times inferior in performance to their modern counterparts. The speed of mining on video cards with an old bus is several times lower, and mining from scratch on a video card is almost impossible.
  • Cooling. Despite the fact that this item is the last in the list, it is the most important – the power of video cards for mining depends on it. In the field of coin mining, Radeon solutions show themselves best – they not only have a well-built active cooling system, but are also less susceptible to wear due to long continuous operation.
  • Overclocking capability. This is not such a significant advantage, not on every card that accelerates mining – which video card you would not choose, it is worth studying how it behaves when mining coins. proper overclocking of the video card can give you an additional advantage of 20-40% of the initial power, but also require extra configuration of the device, and earnings in this case may be even lower.

The overclocking capability depends on the video memory manufacturer. the best graphics accelerators for mining with samsung memory. This parameter is not specified in the device specifications. In different batches of the same model, the memory can be either from SAMSUNG, HYNIX, or another brand.

The market price of a gpu device is of great importance, the lower it is, the shorter the payback period. with a top-end video accelerator, it may be less useful than with a budget one because of its inflated cost. An example of this is the new technology race from both companies. the price of the rtx 2080 and radeon vii negated their superiority in computing speed. If they are of interest to gamers, then miners prefer traditional models.

When building a mining rig, a configuration with 4 identical video cards is most often used. These are the most stable systems that bring a minimum of problems during operation and configuration, and motherboards with 4 PCI slots are cheaper and more often appear on the market.

Table with the rating of video cards for mining in 2021

You can consider the latest generation of graphics cards from AMD and NVIDIA.

Technical specifications of AMD graphics cards

ModelMemory capacity, GBMemory Bus, bitCore Frequency, MHzMemory Frequency MHzPower, W
Radeon VII16409617504096300
Radeon Vga 648204815401890290
Radeon Vga 568204814701600210
RX 5700 XT825616801750225
RX 5600 XT619211301500150
RX 5500 XT4/812811301750130
RX 590825615452000225
Radeon Rx 5804/825613402000150
Radeon Rx 5704/825612441750120
Radeon Rx 4804/825612662000140
Radeon Rx 470425612001750128
*the presented technical characteristics are relevant for reference samples of video cards.

Technical specifications of Nvidia graphics cards

ModelMemory capacity, GBMemory Bus, bitCore Frequency, MHzMemory Frequency MHzPower, W
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti1135215451750270
GeForce RTX 2060819213501750120
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti1135215002750220
GeForce GTX 1070825615002000150
GeForce GTX 10603/61921500200080
Radeon Rx 4804/825612662000140
Radeon Rx 470425612001750128
GeForce RTX 20701125614001750175
NVidia P104-100 (Mining)425616001750180
NVidia P102-100 (Mining)525616831700215
GeForce GTX 1660 Ti619215002000120
GeForce GTX 1660 Super619214001860120

Technical specifications are important, but first of all you need to know the hashrate of video cards. the table shows the speed of AMD and Nvidia models on the most profitable mining algorithms.

ModelEthash, MH/sCNR, Kh/sCNGPU, Kh/sCNFastV2, Kh/sCNHeavy, kH/sKawPow, MH/s
Radeon VII802.825.22.823
Radeon Vga 64451.
Radeon Vga 56401.
RX 5700 XT5210.32.11.35
RX 5600 XT42.610.252
RX 5500 XT260.70.151.5
RX 590321.10.32
Radeon Rx 580320.81.81.8112
Radeon Rx 570300.750.751.750.910
Radeon Rx 480310.80.81.8111.5
Radeon Rx 470300.750.651.40.810
ModelCT31 (GRIN) H/SCuckoo 29 sH/sMTP Mh/sZelHash H/sCNGPU Kh/sBeam H/sEthash Mh/sKawPow MH/s
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti2104.3653.16042
GeForce RTX 20701.157.72.8461.854739
GeForce RTX 20600.662.2341.63728
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti1.457.71.9502.353.552
GeForce GTX 1070152361.33832
NVidia P104-100 (Mining)0.73.4129.6423919.8
NVidia P102-100 (Mining)0.58444922
GeForce GTX 1660 Ti0.225.1222.81.322.52614.8
GeForce GTX 1660 Super0.224.42241.2252611.5
GeForce GTX 10600.53.51.1160.752124

The highest income is generated by:

  • RTX 2080Ti — 1.32$;
  • Radeon VII — 1.22$.

The Radeon VII GPU costs about 30,000 rubles less than its counterpart from competitors, which significantly increases its profitability. But, it is more profitable to build a mining farm on Rx 570/580 and GTX 1070/1080 Ti video cards, they will pay off much faster.

It is better to use rigs for 4-8 video cards. in this case, you will need a certain motherboard, a more powerful power supply and a cooling system, but with all the costs, the payback of the equipment will be higher than in farms with fewer video cards. however, the number of video cards on the farm can be increased gradually, the main thing is to initially choose the right power supply and motherboard.

Video cards P102, P104, P106 are specialized cards for mining with less memory, no video connectors, a simplified cooling system, a reduced warranty (usually 3 months) and, accordingly, with a lower price than full-fledged video cards with the same chip. These cards can use settings optimized for Ethereum mining (but not necessarily), which is why such cards show a higher hashrate when mining Ethereum.

AMD also has Mining Edition RX470/570 and RX480/RX580 graphics cards with less warranty, no video connectors, and a simplified cooling system. In the BIOS of such cards, reduced timings for memory are usually stitched, which is why such cards have a higher hashrate when mining Ethereum. Unlike Nvidia, AMD cards can change the memory timings themselves, getting the same or higher result on conventional gaming video cards.

As a conclusion from the calculations, we can distinguish two GTX 1070 and RX570 cards as the most energy-efficient out of the box without additional firmware and downvolting. The lowest trading margin due to the shortage is now at the GTX 1060 and GTX 1080 video cards by 16% and 15%, respectively.

Video cards P102, P104, P106 did not participate in the calculations because they are practically not found in the free market, but due to the lower price, the payback period of such cards will be lower.

At the beginning of 2019, with the fall of the cryptocurrency exchange rate and the rise in prices for video cards, the payback of mining fell to 20%-35% per year, although a year ago the average payback of video cards was 20% per month.

As before, the most relevant video cards for mining are the middle price segment gtx1060 and rx570. Even taking into account the significantly inflated prices of AMD RX570/RX580 video cards, their payback is equivalent to Nvidia GTX1060 video cards, which now have a margin of 16% of the original price.

At the moment, the most profitable for mining can be called Nvidia Geforce GTX 1060 3gb and Radeon RX 470 4gb video cards. This is relevant for the Equihash algorithm, which is currently used, and in the future there may be other algorithms in which the behavior of video cards may change.

Description of video card models relevant for 2021

Which video card is better to choose for mining in 2019? we suggest paying attention to the latest developments from leading companies: amd and nvidia. And also relevant will be gadgets created on the basis of the AMD chip, which are referred to as Fury and Fury X. NVIDIA announced the development of a new VEGA chip, and after this news, prices for Fury began to fall rapidly. and although not everyone takes them seriously, such cards are great for generating cryptocurrency. Their only disadvantage is the high level of energy consumption.

At the moment, we recommend the following models of video cards, this is the best choice from what is on the market today:

NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti

1050 Ti is the most affordable offer from our selection. It is quite easy to find this card now.

It should be borne in mind that the income from one such card will be relatively small, but if the rate of such cryptocurrencies as ethereum and zcash will continue to grow, then even taking into account the cost of electricity, you can beat off the cost of a video card and earn a little money.

NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti

In general, why is the new 10xx series graphics cards from NVIDIA in such high demand among those who collect farms? The fact is that they are based on the Pascal architecture and provide an increase in performance up to 3 times compared to the chips of the previous generation.

The most important thing is that they consume many times less electricity. it is not surprising that after the sharp growth of the cryptocurrency exchange rate, the demand for new video cards has become phenomenal.

Geforce GTX 1060

The low amount of memory, which is only from 3 to 6 gb, affects performance-the gtx 1060 produces a hashrate of only 20 mh/s, but the frequency is 1800 mhz. The creators confidently emphasize the reliability and stability of the video card.

Geforce GTX 1060

As the analysis showed, it is a clear contender for the title of the best card for mining in 2019, because it will pay off in just 120 days (the best can be called RX 470, but now it is almost impossible to find it).

Geforce GTX 1070

The GTX 1070 video card, although more developed than the previous one, did not manage to distinguish itself particularly with the speed of payback. It is released with only 8 gigabytes of memory, has the highest power of all the above-28 Mh/s, but all this is very expensive at the moment for one gadget. as a result, it will have to wait at least 150 days for her to return your money to you.

Geforce GTX 1070

NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1080 Ti

The GTX 1080 Ti graphics card is the most expensive in the manufacturer’s line, but it is also the most productive. with such brutal power, you can mine cryptocurrency 2 times faster than on the gtx 1070.

NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1080 Ti

By the way, experts advise buying 1080 Ti instead of the usual GTX 1080. 1080 Ti gives about 700 sol, 1070 — 420, and 1080 gives 510-520: the profit is minimal, and the price is much higher. This is the most unprofitable card for mining.

“Sol” is solution per second, that is, the number of attempts to match the hash of transactions in the blockchain per second. The more powerful the video card, the more sol it gives out — the faster it turns out to earn on mining.

AMD Radeon RX 580

Graphics cards from AMD are in no less demand than from NVIDIA. Due to its low price (as a rule, AMD GPUs were cheaper than GeForce), the Radeon RX 470/480 instantly disappeared from retail immediately after the growth of the bitcoin exchange rate.

AMD Radeon RX 580

Those who want to build a powerful mining farm with an acceptable level of power consumption should pay attention to the Radeon RX 580 video card. it has an impressive overclocking potential, allowing you to improve the performance of not only the processor, but also the installed high-speed gddr5-type memory, which is 4 gb here.

Advantages of mining on a video card

Mining on a video card using a different number of chips is a great way to earn money, if you are not afraid of the initial investment.

First, it is a source of passive income. if you calculate everything, purchase equipment and perform its successful configuration, then it will be a great asset. it can be 1, 2, 3 or 4 video cards that are paired with the rest of the devices and give excellent performance and processing power.

Secondly, the time spent when using this method of earning will be minimal, since you do not need to constantly monitor the equipment, it only needs to be periodically checked for performance, temperature and general condition.

Third, this method gives a stable income, because you can engage not only in the production of bitcoins, but also other cryptocurrencies, which gives a winning position for the user in any case.

Video cards as opposed to ASICs:

  • They have a lower noise level, which allows you to keep them in the apartment.
  • Can switch between different algorithms for the extraction
  • Have a long warranty period

In addition, models released two years ago and even earlier are still relevant, which is basically impossible for ASICs. If you get tired of mining cryptocurrency, video cards can be used for other purposes.

Disadvantages of mining on a video card

Cons of mining on video cards:

Only three popular cryptocurrencies (ETH, ETC, XMR) can be mined on the GPU. ASIC miners are taking over all new networks. And some developers, fearing a 51% attack, are switching to algorithms like RandomHash, which are only available for CPUs.

Building and running a mining farm requires not only money costs, but also professional skills. The process of production it is necessary to constantly monitor and periodically stop the rig’s preventive maintenance.

Video cards are quieter than ASIC, but still not everyone can sleep in the same room with a mining farm. in summer, the equipment overheats and requires additional cooling, which reduces the profitability of production.

Despite the fact that the profitability of such a business is quite high, there are several factors that make such an occupation difficult and problematic.

Even if you choose the right equipment, there is a high degree of dependence on uninterrupted Internet and electricity. in the latter case, the solution to the problem is to install batteries and uninterruptible power supplies, and the stability and reliability of the internet depends on the provider.

It is impossible to earn money on old, weak and cheap computers. if the computer is weak, then bitcoin mining is not able to bring tangible results. The power of the equipment is important. and if you decide to order it from china, then you should follow the necessary selection rules to get the desired result.

Mining equipment makes a strong noise, and also heats up during operation. Due to the strong heating, the coolers rotate more strongly, which causes a lot of noise. The best option is to use a room equipped with air conditioning.

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